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When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions (heat or cold, dry or moist) from the source region to a new region. When the air mass reaches a new region, it might clash with another air mass that has a different temperature and humidity. This can create a severe storm.Air masses affect the weather in many ways. For example, a polar continental air mass causes cold and frosty weather. This is because it begins in a cold region, so the air mass is cold and dry. The wind then blows the air mass towards different areas and makes the weather colder and drier in those places.Continental polar (cP) or continental arctic (cA) air masses are cold, dry, and stable. These air masses originate over northern Canada and Alaska as a result of radiational cooling. They move southward, east of Rockies into the Plains, then eastward.
How does air masses affect the climate?
Air masses affect the weather in many ways. For example, a polar continental air mass causes cold and frosty weather. This is because it begins in a cold region, so the air mass is cold and dry. The wind then blows the air mass towards different areas and makes the weather colder and drier in those places.
What would cP Tell us about an air mass?
Continental polar (cP) or continental arctic (cA) air masses are cold, dry, and stable. These air masses originate over northern Canada and Alaska as a result of radiational cooling. They move southward, east of Rockies into the Plains, then eastward.
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What does cP mean in weather?
Continental polar (cP) is not as cold as the Arctic air mass but is also very dry. Maritime polar (mP) is also cold but moist due to its origination over the oceans. The desert region air masses (hot and dry) are designated by ‘cT’ for ‘continental tropical’.
What is the effect of continental air masses to the environment?
Continental polar air masses are the hallmark of North American winters, bringing cold, clear, dry air with them. Their effects are milder in summer, although clashes between maritime tropical air masses moving north and continental polar air masses move south can cause storms.
How do air masses and fronts influence the weather?
Because a stationary front marks the boundary between two air masses, there are often differences in air temperature and wind on opposite sides of it. The weather is often cloudy along a stationary front, and rain or snow often falls, especially if the front is in an area of low atmospheric pressure.
How do air masses that form over the land and ocean affect weather in the United States?
How do air masses that form over the land and ocean affect weather in the United States? Air masses that form over land have less moisture than those that form over the ocean. The amount of moisture carried in both types of air masses affects the amount of precipitation that the United States receives.
What is the difference in the air temperature and humidity between the cP and mT air masses?
What is the difference in the air temperature and humidity between cP and mT air masses? The mT air mass is warmer and more humid.
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Why is a cP air mass welcome in the summer time in the Midwest but not very welcome in the winter time?
Why is continental polar air mass not welcome to the Central Plains in winter and yet very welcome in summer? They are not welcome in the winter because they can potentially reach southern states and can ruin a season of crops as it is dry and frigid.
What happens when two air masses crash into each other?
When two different air masses come into contact, they don’t mix. They push against each other along a line called a front. When a warm air mass meets a cold air mass, the warm air rises since it is lighter. At high altitude it cools, and the water vapor it contains condenses.
What does cP stand for in geology?
|Sorted by mineral name|
Why are high pressure areas associated with fair weather?
As air leaves the high-pressure area, the remaining air sinks slowly downward to take its place. That makes clouds and precipitation scarce, because clouds depend on rising air for condensation. High-pressure areas usually are areas of fair, settled weather.
What does cP mean in science?
Centipoise (cP), a unit of viscosity. CP symmetry, in particle physics, the product of charge conjugation and parity.
What are the Air Masses?
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What weather does continental air mass bring?
Continental tropical air is associated with hot. dry, and sunny weather .
What type of weather does a continental tropical air mass bring?
Continental Tropical (cT): Hot and very dry. They usually form over the Desert Southwest and northern Mexico during summer. They can bring record heat to the Plains and the Mississippi Valley during summer, but they usually do not make it to the East and the Southeast.
What are continental air masses characterized by?
Theoretically, there should be 6 types of air masses (2 moisture types x 3 temperature types). But mA-type (maritime Arctic) does not exist. Continental Polar air masses form over large, high- latitude land masses, such as northern Canada or Siberia. cP air masses are cold and extremely dry.
What weather does a stationary front bring?
A stationary front may bring days of rain, drizzle, and fog. Winds usually blow parallel to the front, but in opposite directions. After several days, the front will likely break apart. When a cold air mass takes the place of a warm air mass, there is a cold front.
What is a high pressure center of dry air?
Answer and Explanation: A high-pressure center of dry air is called an anticyclone. Winds move in the clockwise direction around high-pressure centers.
What happens when cold front and warm front meet?
When a cold front overtakes a warm front, it creates what’s called an occluded front that forces warm air above a frontal boundary of cooler air masses.
What happens as an air mass moves over an area?
When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions (heat or cold, dry or moist) from the source region to a new region. When the air mass reaches a new region, it might clash with another air mass that has a different temperature and humidity. This can create a severe storm.
How do wind currents affect climate?
Impact on Climate
Wind carries heat, moisture, pollutants, and pollen to new areas. Many daily weather patterns depend on wind. A coastal region, for instance, undergoes changes in wind direction daily. The sun heats the land more quickly than the water.
How can an air mass formed in a tropical area over an ocean be described?
For example, if an air mass forms over a tropical ocean, it is called maritime tropical. If an air mass forms over land in the far north it is called continental polar. An air mass can change as it moves into different environments.
Which weather condition most likely determines wind speeds at Earth’s surface?
which weather condition most likely determines wind speeds at earth’s surface? air-pressure gradient.
Types of Air Masses
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What effect do lakes and oceans have on climate?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate.
Which weather change is most likely indicated by rapidly falling air pressure?
Rapidly falling air pressure would most likely indicate (4) a storm is approaching.
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