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Most household bleaches are based on chlorine and contain sodium hypochlorite (NaClO). This is an oxidizing agent, which causes a reaction to form another chemical compound.Chlorine bleaches are oxidizing agents; when chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen reacts easily with the chromophores to remove electrons from the molecule, chemically changing the structure of the molecule and the physical properties that cause the color are changed.Bleaches are generally strong oxidizing agents (substances that reduce readily) whose role it is to take the electrons from the chemicals responsible for the colour of various materials.
Is bleach oxidizing or reducing agent?
Chlorine bleaches are oxidizing agents; when chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen. The oxygen reacts easily with the chromophores to remove electrons from the molecule, chemically changing the structure of the molecule and the physical properties that cause the color are changed.
Is bleach a strong oxidizer?
Bleaches are generally strong oxidizing agents (substances that reduce readily) whose role it is to take the electrons from the chemicals responsible for the colour of various materials.
Oxidizing Agents and Reducing Agents
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Is Clorox bleach an oxidizer?
Clorox Breaks Down
Sodium hypochlorite is a reactive chemical oxidizer that degrades rapidly and completely. There’s no free chlorine released by the breakdown of Clorox if the product is used as directed. The Clorox Company says 95 to 98 percent of the sodium hypochlorite breaks down to salt and water.
What are oxidising and reducing bleaches?
Most of the bleaches are oxidizing agents while few are reducing agents. The chemical bonds of the chromophore are broken by the oxidizing agent. This alters the molecule in such a way that it will become colourless or reflects the colour outside the spectrum.
What is oxidation in bleach?
In chlorine containing bleaches, oxidation often involves addition of chlorine atoms (rather than oxygen atoms) to the colored compound. For certain applications, the addition of chlorine leads to the formation of hazardous byproducts, such as dioxins, shown in Figure 2 (6). N. O.
Why does chlorine bleach oxidation?
Chlorine bleaches by the process of oxidation as it needs moisture for its bleaching action. When chlorine reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid, which is unstable and quickly dissociates to form nascent oxygen. Nascent oxygen is a more powerful oxidising agent.
Is bleach acidic or alkaline?
Chlorine bleach is an alkaline solution of sodium hypochlorite dissolved in water. Used to clean and whiten fabrics as well as surfaces, chlorine bleach also works as an effective disinfectant. Trisodium phosphate and sodium carbonate, or washing soda, are also alkaline cleaning agents.
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A Greener Bleach – Chemistry LibreTexts
Chlorine bleaches are oxidizing agents; when chlorine reacts with water, it produces hydrochloric acid and atomic oxygen.
Bleach – Wikipedia
Chlorine, a powerful oxidizer, is the active agent in many household bleaches. Since pure chlorine is a toxic corrosive gas, these products usually contain …
Bleaching Agent – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics
The chemistry of bleaching agents is predominantly that of oxidizing agents: chlorine (Cl2) and some of its compounds or peroxygen species such as hydrogen …
How Bleach Works | HowStuffWorks
Since sodium hypochlorite is a powerful oxidizing agent, it is able to oxidize chemical bonds not only in stains on your clothing, but also in …
Is hydrogen peroxide the same as bleach?
Unlike liquid bleach based on chlorine chemistry, hydrogen peroxide is a more selective bleaching agent which causes less textile fibre damage, making it ideal for applications such as pulp bleaching in the paper industry.
Is bleach and chlorine the same?
Chlorine is a natural element and an ingredient of bleach, while bleach is a solution and the product of combining chlorine and other chemicals. 2. Chlorine exists in nature, while bleach is a manufactured product.
What is difference between Clorox and bleach?
Clorox is a bleach product from a company by the same name having its headquarters in Oakland, California. Though the company makes several chemical products, it is its bleach that is most popular.
What happens to bleach when it dries?
When bleach is left to air dry on floors and is not rinsed away, it can leave behind bleach crystals after the bleach evaporates. Sodium hypochlorite will break down into salt and water when left to do so. Since undiluted bleach is mostly water to begin with, once the floor dries, salt crystals will be left behind.
What does peroxide and bleach make?
Bleach plus hydrogen peroxide creates oxygen gas so violently, it can cause an explosion. “One should not mix household cleaners as a general rule,” Langerman says. “You do not necessarily make a strong cleaner by mixing two cleaners together.”
Bleach: Basic Chemistry. How it kills cells/viruses? How to use? Dangerous? Chlorine vs. Oxygen?
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What is bleaching agent?
Bleaching agents are formulations that whiten or lighten a substrate by solubilizing color-producing substances or by altering their light-absorbing properties. Bleaching agents are used extensively in the pulp and paper industry, the textile industry, and commercial and household laundering.
Why is bleach a redox reaction?
Most domestic bleaches are chlorine-based and contain sodium hypochlorite (NaClO). This is an oxidising agent, allowing another chemical compound to form a reaction. The oxidising agent eliminates one or more electrons from its reaction partner during oxidation.
What is bleach chemical?
Household bleach is actually a mixture of chemicals, Its main constituent is a solution of ~3-6% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), which is mixed with small amounts of sodium hydroxide, hydrogen peroxide, and calcium hypochlorite.
Is chlorine a bleaching agent?
The most common bleaching agents generally fall into two categories: chlorine and its related compounds (such as sodium hypochlorite) and the peroxygen bleaching agents, such as hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate.
Is hydrogen peroxide an oxidizing agent?
Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide has the chemical formula H2O2 and is an oxidizing agent that is similar to oxygen in effect but is significantly stronger. The oxidizing activity of hydrogen peroxide results from the presence of the extra oxygen atom compared with the structure of water.
What oxide is used as a bleach?
Chlorine dioxide is a neutral chlorine compound which is produced as a gas and it is saturated in water. Chlorine dioxide is about 10 times more soluble in water than hypochlorite. As such, it is widely used as a bleaching agent and is a potent antimicrobial chemistry.
Is bleaching of chlorine is an oxidation reaction?
The bleaching action of chlorine is an oxidation reaction.
It requires moisture for its bleaching action. Chlorine reacts with water to form hydrochloric and hypochlorous acids. Hypochlorous acid is unstable, and it easily separates to form nascent oxygen.
Why does bleach remove color?
Bleach interacts with the organic molecules by adding chlorine or oxygen to the compound which removes the bonds or even breaks up the molecule. This serves two purposes: the color is removed or greatly reduced, and the new sites increase the water solubility of the material, so it can often be removed by washing.
Is bleach a corrosive?
Bleach is corrosive, which means it can irritate or burn your skin or eyes. It can also corrode (“eat”) metals. When mixed with certain other chemicals or cleaners, it can produce toxic gases which can damage your lungs or be deadly.
Does bleach increase pH?
You are also thinking that the pH rise could be from liquid chlorine or bleach. This is logical thinking but even though liquid chlorine has a high pH, it does not raise pH.
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Are vaginas acidic?
The vagina’s pH level is about 3.8 to 4.5, which means it’s on the acidic side. Its acidity slightly decreases as you get older, with its pH level rising closer to 5.
Can you mix bleach with salt?
When dissolved in water, bleach provides OH-. There will be a neutralization reaction if the salt you use is acidic. There could be a reaction if the salt you use is basic. The salt will be dissolved in a bleach solution.
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