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Prevention of influenza requires hygienic management practices and vaccination. Exposure can be reduced by isolation of newly introduced horses for 2 wk. Numerous vaccines are commercially available for prevention of equine influenza.Equine influenza virus spreads easily through contact with infected horses and via contact with infected clothing, equipment, brushes, tack, etc. Some horses do not show any outward signs of infection, but can shed the virus and infect susceptible horses.Today, there is only one equine influenza vaccine which contains the Florida Clade 1 and Clade 2 equine influenza strains: Vetera® XP. With VETERA XP, you will be providing your horse with direct antibody protection from the most relevant strains of equine influenza.
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How do horses get equine influenza?
Equine influenza virus spreads easily through contact with infected horses and via contact with infected clothing, equipment, brushes, tack, etc. Some horses do not show any outward signs of infection, but can shed the virus and infect susceptible horses.
Is there a vaccine for equine influenza?
Today, there is only one equine influenza vaccine which contains the Florida Clade 1 and Clade 2 equine influenza strains: Vetera® XP. With VETERA XP, you will be providing your horse with direct antibody protection from the most relevant strains of equine influenza.
How can we prevent an equine flu outbreak? – Merial Animal Health
Images related to the topicHow can we prevent an equine flu outbreak? – Merial Animal Health
How do you prevent strangles in horses?
Protecting Your Horse
Biosecurity protocols such as observation and screening of newly arriving horses help to prevent the spread of disease. However, vaccination is the best way to combat strangles. Pinnacle® I.N. is the only two-dose, modified-live bacterial vaccine developed to help prevent strangles.
How effective is the equine influenza vaccine?
The studies showed that ProteqFlu-Te was effective in reducing clinical signs and virus excretion after infection with equine influenza, and against tetanus to prevent mortality from 14 days after primary vaccination.
How often should a horse be vaccinated for equine influenza?
Vaccination is often given as a combination vaccine with equine influenza. A primary course of two vaccinations is given 4-6 weeks apart, followed by a booster in 12 months. Subsequent vaccinations are usually given every 2 years.
Is equine influenza notifiable?
What’s their role in managing this outbreak? While Equine influenza is not a notifiable disease in the UK and therefore not controlled by Government, we will be in touch with Defra to advise them of the situation and the actions being taken.
How far can equine influenza spread?
Equine influenza is an airborne virus and can spread quickly and easily through a yard. Under favourable weather conditions it can spread up to 5km. It can be transmitted by direct horse-to-horse contact and also via people, tack, feed and equipment.
See some more details on the topic How can equine influenza be prevented? here:
Equine influenza (flu) | School of Veterinary Medicine
How can equine influenza be prevented? … Equine influenza is a virus that has significant impacts, but through proper vaccination and …
How to Protect Your Horse From Equine Influenza
Vaccinate your horses using a vaccine that protects against both FC1 and FC2 viruses. … Horses’ antibody responses to vaccination do not last …
Equine Influenza: Symptoms & Treatment of the Flu in Horses
Treatment for equine influenza involves treating the symptoms and allowing your horse to rest. Just like the human flu virus, there is no cure …
Equine influenza – OIE – World Organisation for Animal Health
Equine Influenza (EI) is a highly contagious though rarely fatal respiratory disease of horses, donkeys and mules and other equidae.
What vaccines do horses need?
Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus). The risk-based vaccines will depend on if your horse travels, your geographic location, breeding status, and other considerations.
How do you control strangles outbreak?
Limiting exposure is the best method of prevention of an outbreak on a farm. Quarantine of new arrivals for should also include screening for S equi. Isolation with monitoring of rectal temp and endoscopy of the guttural pouch may help to identify infected and sub-clinical shedding individuals.
Ask the Vet – What is equine influenza?
Images related to the topicAsk the Vet – What is equine influenza?
Can a horse get strangles if vaccinated?
Strangles commonly affects young horses (weanlings and yearlings), but horses of any age can be infected. Vaccination against S. equi is recommended on premises where strangles is a persistent endemic problem or for horses that are expected to be at high risk of exposure.
How is equine strangles transmitted?
Strangles is a disease caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus equi that can be easily spread directly through horse to horse contact and indirectly through contaminated equipment, handler clothing and boots etc.
Can humans get equine influenza?
All horses should be vaccinated regularly against influenza with the currently recommended strains. Vaccination reduces both clinical signs and viral shedding, although vaccinated infected horses may still shed some virus. Equine influenza does not infect humans, but the virus has spread to dogs (Chapter 13).
Where did equine flu start?
Introduction. On 24 August 2007, a veterinarian reported to NSW Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI) that he had observed sick horses at Centennial Park in Sydney.
When should you vaccinate your horse?
Vaccination is recommended every 6-12 months. There are several other vaccines available for horses.
What vaccines should horses get yearly?
To recap, your horse should at least receive EWT/WN and Rabies vaccinations once a year. In general, we recommend that your horse receive EWT/WN, PHF/Rabies, Strangles, and Flu/Rhino in the Spring, and PHF and Flu/Rhino in the Fall.
Do horses need to be vaccinated?
The AAEP considers the “core vaccines” which all horses should have regardless of their age or use to be Rabies vaccine, Encephalitis/Tetanus vaccine, and West Nile Virus vaccine. Many horses, based on their age and use, should also be vaccinated for the respiratory diseases- Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, and Strangles.
What is the most common disease in horses?
- Common Equine Diseases. …
- Equine Influenza (“Flu”) …
- Rhinopneumonitis/Equine Herpesvirus (EHV) …
- Equine Encephalomyelitis (“Sleeping Sickness”) …
- Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (EIA) …
- West Nile Virus. …
- Streptococcus equi (“Strangles”) …
- Tetanus (“Lockjaw”)
Equine Flu – How do we diagnose Equine Influenza at the Animal Health Trust AHT
Images related to the topicEquine Flu – How do we diagnose Equine Influenza at the Animal Health Trust AHT
What causes equine infectious anemia?
Natural transmission of EIA is by blood feeding flies (horse flies and deer flies) and is limited to relatively short distances. This virus is frequently transmitted via unclean or re-used needles and syringes, blood transfusions and contaminated instruments (IV sets, dental instruments, tattoo equipment).
How do horses get bacterial infections?
Bacterial disease occurs when a horse’s immune system is weakened and the bacteria is able to replicate and spread in the horse’s body. The source of bacteria is usually contaminated water, food or feces.
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