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The horizontal motion of an object is unaffected by the force of gravity for relatively short displacements. This means that **the horizontal velocity is constant, while the vertical velocity is accelerating**.The horizontal and vertical components of two-dimensional motion are **independent of each other**. Any motion in the horizontal direction does not affect motion in the vertical direction, and vice versa. This is true in a simple scenario like that of walking in one direction first, followed by another.**The vertical force acts perpendicular to the horizontal motion and will not affect it** since perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other. Thus, the projectile travels with a constant horizontal velocity and a downward vertical acceleration.

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## How do horizontal and vertical components of motion affect each other?

The horizontal and vertical components of two-dimensional motion are **independent of each other**. Any motion in the horizontal direction does not affect motion in the vertical direction, and vice versa. This is true in a simple scenario like that of walking in one direction first, followed by another.

## How does the horizontal motion of an object affect its vertical motion?

**The vertical force acts perpendicular to the horizontal motion and will not affect it** since perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other. Thus, the projectile travels with a constant horizontal velocity and a downward vertical acceleration.

### Projectile motion – vertical and horizontal velocity (two components) #3

### Images related to the topicProjectile motion – vertical and horizontal velocity (two components) #3

## How are the vertical and horizontal components of velocity related to each other in projectile motion?

The horizontal velocity of a projectile is constant (a never changing in value), There is a vertical acceleration caused by gravity; its value is 9.8 m/s/s, down, **The vertical velocity of a projectile changes by 9.8 m/s each second**, The horizontal motion of a projectile is independent of its vertical motion.

## How can projectile affect the vertical and horizontal motion of an object?

A projectile is an object upon which the only force is gravity. **Gravity acts to influence the vertical motion of the projectile, thus causing a vertical acceleration**. The horizontal motion of the projectile is the result of the tendency of any object in motion to remain in motion at constant velocity.

## What is the motion that has 2 components the vertical and horizontal?

This path is called **the object’s trajectory**. The trajectory of a projectile depends on motion in two dimensions. The x component is the horizontal motion of the projectile, and the y component is the vertical motion of the projectile.

## Does the vertical component of projectile’s velocity change as the projectile moves?

a.

In the absence of air resistance, the vertical component of a projectile’s velocity **does not change** as the projectile moves.

## Does horizontal velocity affect vertical velocity?

Downward acceleration of a projectile same as downward acceleration of a free falling body due to constant gravity. Horizontal velocity (V_{h}) **does not affect vertical velocity** (V_{v}).

## See some more details on the topic How is the motion of the object affected by the horizontal and vertical components of its velocity? here:

### how is motion of the object affected by the horizontal and …

Answer: The horizontal motion of an object is unaffected by the force of gravity for relatively short displacements.

### How is the motion of the object affected by the horizontal and …

The horizontal motion of an …

### Projectile Motion Notes – Saratoga Springs City School District

The horizontal velocity of a projectile is constant (a never changing in value),. There is a vertical acceleration caused by gravity; its value is 9.8 m/s/s, …

### Projectile Motion – Purdue Physics

The object’s horizontal velocity is unchanged, if we can … •THE HORIZONTAL MOTION OF THE BALL IS UNAFFECTED BY ITS VERTICAL MOTION.

## How does the horizontal velocity affect the fall time of the ball?

The length of the horizontal velocity vector doesn’t change. THE VERTICAL & HORIZONTAL MOTIONS ARE INDEPENDENT. **THE HORIZONTAL VELOCITY DOES NOT AFFECT THE VERTICAL MOTION**. THE VERTICAL FALL TIME IS THE SAME AS LONG AS THE BALLS DROP SIMULTANEOUSLY FROM THE SAME HEIGHT.

## Which of the following is the horizontal velocity of a horizontal motion of a projectile?

The horizontal velocity of a projectile is **0 m/s** at the peak of its trajectory. The horizontal velocity of a projectile is unaffected by the vertical velocity; these two components of motion are independent of each other.

## Why does the vertical component of a projectiles motion undergo change?

Vertical velocity is changing due to **gravitational acceleration**.. The horizontal velocity component remains the same size throughout the entire motion of the cannonball. If projectiles are launched at the same speed, but at different angles, the height and range is of the projectile are affected.

### Horizontal and Vertical Motions of a Projectile | Grade 9 Science Quarter 4 Week 1

### Images related to the topicHorizontal and Vertical Motions of a Projectile | Grade 9 Science Quarter 4 Week 1

## Does horizontal velocity change in projectile motion?

Common mistakes and misconceptions. Remember: What happens in the vertical direction does NOT affect the horizontal direction, and vice versa. **An object’s horizontal position, velocity, or acceleration does not affect its vertical position, velocity, or acceleration**.

## Do you think the components of a vector affect each other?

The two perpendicular parts or components of a vector are **independent of each other**.

## What factors affect projectile motion?

FACTORS AFFECTING PROJECTILE MOTION

There are three main factors that affect the trajectory of an object or body in flight: **the projection angle, magnitude of projection velocity and height of projection**.

## What happens to the vertical velocity of an object as it travels to the air?

(c) **The velocity in the vertical direction begins to decrease as the object rises**; at its highest point, the vertical velocity is zero. As the object falls towards the Earth again, the vertical velocity increases again in magnitude but points in the opposite direction to the initial vertical velocity.

## What is the vertical motion of a projectile?

The vertical motion of a projectile is **controlled by the force of gravity**. This means that there is an unbalanced force acting on the ball and so the ball will accelerate downwards. This acceleration is 9 ⋅ 8 m s − 2 (the gravitational field strength on Earth).

## How does the downward component of the motion of a projectile compare with the motion of freefall?

How does the downward component of the motion of a projectile compare with the motion of free fall? **They are the same**; both are under the influence of gravity.

## Which component of the velocity of a projectile does not change as the projectile moves?

In the absence of air friction, the **horizontal component** of a projectile’s velocity doesn’t change as the projectile moves.

## Which component of projectile’s velocity changes Why?

In case of projectile motion the **vertical component** of particle’s velocity changes continuously because of the force acting in vertical direction which is its own weight ( mg ). object ; its horizontal velocity remains constant.

## What is vertical component of velocity?

The vertical velocity component (v_{y}) **describes the influence of the velocity in displacing the projectile vertically**. Thus, the analysis of projectile motion problems begins by using the trigonometric methods discussed earlier to determine the horizontal and vertical components of the initial velocity.

### Horizontally launched projectile | Two-dimensional motion | Physics | Khan Academy

### Images related to the topicHorizontally launched projectile | Two-dimensional motion | Physics | Khan Academy

## Why is horizontal and vertical motion independent?

The horizontal and vertical motions of a projectile are independent, meaning **they do not affect each other**. The 2-D motion of a projectile can be separated into two 1-D motions: horizontal and vertical. The horizontal motion of a projectile is always constant, if we neglect air resistance.

## What factors can affect the value of the horizontal velocity of the ball?

**There are several factors that relate to the amount of air resistance acting on a projectile.**

- Surface to volume ratio. The larger the surface to volume ratio, the more air resistance will affect the object. …
- The surface of the object. If the surface is rough, the air resistance will be greater.
- Speed. …
- Mass.

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